Umutwe

Abakora amamodoka yo mu Bushinwa bakora imodoka zikoresha amashanyarazi zihendutse - kandi bareba Uburayi

Yaba Peugeots yambukiranya umuhanda wa Paris cyangwa Volkswagens igenda ku modoka z’Ubudage, amamodoka amwe yo mu Burayi amenyereye igihugu bahagarariye nk’ahantu nyaburanga hakurura ba mukerarugendo.

Ariko mugihe isi yinjiye mugihe cyimodoka yamashanyarazi (EV), tugiye kubona impinduka zinyanja mubiranga no kwisiga mumihanda yuburayi?

Ubwiza, kandi, icy'ingenzi, ni uko ubushobozi bw’imodoka za EVS zo mu Bushinwa burimo kuba ibintu bigoye ku bakora inganda z’i Burayi kwirengagiza uko umwaka utashye, kandi bishobora kuba ikibazo gusa mbere yuko isoko ryuzura ibicuruzwa biva mu Bushinwa.

Nigute abahinguzi b'Abashinwa bashoboye kugera ikirenge mu cya revolution ya EV kandi kuki imodoka zabo zihenze cyane?

amashanyarazi_car_13

Imiterere yimikino
Gutandukana gutangaje kubiciro bya EV ku masoko yuburengerazuba birashoboka ko ariho hantu ha mbere kandi hagaragara gutangirira.

Raporo y’ikigo gishinzwe gusesengura amakuru y’imodoka Jato Dynamics ivuga ko impuzandengo y’imodoka nshya y’amashanyarazi mu Bushinwa kuva mu 2011 yagabanutse ikava ku 41.800 ikagera kuri 22.100 - igabanuka rya 47%.Mu buryo butandukanye cyane, igiciro mpuzandengo mu Burayi cyavuye kuri € 33.292 muri 2012 kigera kuri € 42.568 uyu mwaka - izamuka rya 28%.

Mu Bwongereza, impuzandengo yo kugurisha kuri EV iri hejuru ya 52 ku ijana ugereranije na moteri ihwanye na moteri yo gutwika imbere (ICE).

Urwo rwego rwo gutandukana nikibazo gikomeye mugihe imodoka zamashanyarazi zikomeje guhangana nubushobozi burebure mugihe ugereranije na mazutu cyangwa bagenzi babo ba peteroli (tutibagiwe numuyoboro ugenda wiyongera ariko ugereranije ni muto cyane mumashanyarazi mubihugu byinshi byuburayi).

Icyifuzo cyabo ni ukuba Apple yimodoka zamashanyarazi, kuberako ziri hose kandi ko ari ibirango byisi.
Ross Douglas
Uwashinze akaba n'umuyobozi mukuru, Autonomiya Paris
Niba ba nyiri gakondo ba ICE barashaka gukora amaherezo kugirango bahindure ibinyabiziga byamashanyarazi, uburyo bwamafaranga buracyagaragara - kandi niho Ubushinwa bwinjirira.

Ross Douglas, washinze Autonomy Paris akaba n'umuyobozi mukuru wa Autonomy Paris, ibirori ku isi hose ku bijyanye no kugenda neza mu mijyi yagize ati: "Ku nshuro ya mbere, Abanyaburayi bazagira imodoka zo mu Bushinwa zipiganwa, bagerageza kugurishwa mu Burayi, ku giciro cyo gupiganwa hifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga rihiganwa."

Kubera ko ikibuga cy’indege cya Tegel kimaze gusezererwa gikora nk’ibintu bitangaje, Douglas yabivugiye mu kwezi gushize mu nama nyunguranabitekerezo ya Disruption Mobilities yakiriwe n’inama ngarukamwaka y’ibibazo bya Berlin kandi yizera ko hari ibintu bitatu bituma Ubushinwa bubangamira hegemoni gakondo y’uburayi gakondo abakora imodoka.

Na James Werurwe • Yavuguruwe: 28/09/2021
Yaba Peugeots yambukiranya umuhanda wa Paris cyangwa Volkswagens igenda ku modoka z’Ubudage, amamodoka amwe yo mu Burayi amenyereye igihugu bahagarariye nk’ahantu nyaburanga hakurura ba mukerarugendo.

Ariko mugihe isi yinjiye mugihe cyimodoka yamashanyarazi (EV), tugiye kubona impinduka zinyanja mubiranga no kwisiga mumihanda yuburayi?

Ubwiza, kandi, icy'ingenzi, ni uko ubushobozi bw’imodoka za EVS zo mu Bushinwa burimo kuba ibintu bigoye ku bakora inganda z’i Burayi kwirengagiza uko umwaka utashye, kandi bishobora kuba ikibazo gusa mbere yuko isoko ryuzura ibicuruzwa biva mu Bushinwa.

Nigute abahinguzi b'Abashinwa bashoboye kugera ikirenge mu cya revolution ya EV kandi kuki imodoka zabo zihenze cyane?

Kwitegura kujya mu cyatsi: Ni ryari abakora ibinyabiziga by’i Burayi bahindura imodoka z’amashanyarazi?
Imiterere yimikino
Gutandukana gutangaje kubiciro bya EV ku masoko yuburengerazuba birashoboka ko ariho hantu ha mbere kandi hagaragara gutangirira.

Raporo y’ikigo gishinzwe gusesengura amakuru y’imodoka Jato Dynamics ivuga ko impuzandengo y’imodoka nshya y’amashanyarazi mu Bushinwa kuva mu 2011 yagabanutse ikava ku 41.800 ikagera kuri 22.100 - igabanuka rya 47%.Mu buryo butandukanye cyane, igiciro mpuzandengo mu Burayi cyavuye kuri € 33.292 muri 2012 kigera kuri € 42.568 uyu mwaka - izamuka rya 28%.

Ubwongereza bwatangiye kuzigama imodoka za kera mumyanda mu kuyihindura amashanyarazi
Mu Bwongereza, impuzandengo yo kugurisha kuri EV iri hejuru ya 52 ku ijana ugereranije na moteri ihwanye na moteri yo gutwika imbere (ICE).

Urwo rwego rwo gutandukana nikibazo gikomeye mugihe imodoka zamashanyarazi zikomeje guhangana nubushobozi burebure mugihe ugereranije na mazutu cyangwa bagenzi babo ba peteroli (tutibagiwe numuyoboro ugenda wiyongera ariko ugereranije ni muto cyane mumashanyarazi mubihugu byinshi byuburayi).

Icyifuzo cyabo ni ukuba Apple yimodoka zamashanyarazi, kuberako ziri hose kandi ko ari ibirango byisi.
Ross Douglas
Uwashinze akaba n'umuyobozi mukuru, Autonomiya Paris
Niba ba nyiri gakondo ba ICE barashaka gukora amaherezo kugirango bahindure ibinyabiziga byamashanyarazi, uburyo bwamafaranga buracyagaragara - kandi niho Ubushinwa bwinjirira.

Ross Douglas, washinze Autonomy Paris akaba n'umuyobozi mukuru wa Autonomy Paris, ibirori ku isi hose ku bijyanye no kugenda neza mu mijyi yagize ati: "Ku nshuro ya mbere, Abanyaburayi bazagira imodoka zo mu Bushinwa zipiganwa, bagerageza kugurishwa mu Burayi, ku giciro cyo gupiganwa hifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga rihiganwa."

Kubera ko ikibuga cy’indege cya Tegel kimaze gusezererwa gikora nk’ibintu bitangaje, Douglas yabivugiye mu kwezi gushize mu nama nyunguranabitekerezo ya Disruption Mobilities yakiriwe n’inama ngarukamwaka y’ibibazo bya Berlin kandi yizera ko hari ibintu bitatu bituma Ubushinwa bubangamira hegemoni gakondo y’uburayi gakondo abakora imodoka.

Iyi ntera yo mu Buholandi irimo gukora izuba rikoresha imodoka zikoresha amashanyarazi
Ibyiza by'Ubushinwa
Douglas yabisobanuye agira ati: "Mbere ya byose, bafite tekinoroji nziza ya batiri kandi bafunze ibintu byinshi by'ingenzi muri bateri nko gutunganya cobalt na lithium-ion".“Iya kabiri ni uko bafite tekinoroji yo guhuza ibinyabiziga bikenera amashanyarazi bikenera nka 5G na AI”.

“Hanyuma rero impamvu ya gatatu ni uko hari inkunga nini ya leta ifasha abatwara ibinyabiziga bikoresha amashanyarazi mu Bushinwa kandi guverinoma y'Ubushinwa irashaka kuba abayobozi b'isi mu gukora imodoka zikoresha amashanyarazi”.

Nubwo Ubushinwa bukomeye bw’inganda butigeze bushidikanywaho, ikibazo cyari ukumenya niba cyashobora guhanga udushya ku rugero rumwe na bagenzi babo bo mu Burengerazuba.Icyo kibazo cyashubijwe muburyo bwa bateri zabo hamwe nikoranabuhanga bashoboye gushyira mubikorwa imbere yimodoka zabo (nubwo ibice byinganda bikomeza guterwa inkunga na leta yUbushinwa).

JustAnundiCarDesigner / Ibikorwa bihanga
Icyamamare Wuling Hongguang Mini EVJustUndiCarDesigner / Ibikorwa bihanga
Kandi ku giciro cyo kugurisha abinjiza amafaranga basanzwe batekereza ko bifite ishingiro, abaguzi mumyaka mike iri imbere bazamenyera nabakora nka Nio, Xpeng, na Li Auto.

Amabwiriza agenga Umuryango w’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’i Burayi ashyigikira cyane inyungu za EV ziremereye kandi zifite agaciro, ku buryo nta mwanya uhagije w’imodoka ntoya zo mu Burayi zunguka neza.

Felipe Munoz, impuguke mu by'imodoka ku isi muri JATO Dynamics yagize ati: "Niba Abanyaburayi ntacyo bakora kuri iki kibazo, igice kizagenzurwa n'Abashinwa."

Imodoka ntoya zikoresha amashanyarazi nkizwi cyane (mubushinwa) Wuling Hongguang Mini niho abaguzi b’i Burayi bashobora kwitabaza baramutse bakomeje kugurwa ku masoko yabo.

Ugereranije kugurisha hafi 30.000 buri kwezi, imodoka yo mu mujyi ifite ubunini buke ni yo yagurishijwe cyane mu Bushinwa mu gihe cyumwaka.

Byinshi mubintu byiza?
Umusaruro wihuse w'Ubushinwa ntiwabaye imbogamizi nubwo.Nk’uko Minisitiri w’inganda n’ikoranabuhanga mu Bushinwa abitangaza ngo muri iki gihe hari amahitamo menshi kandi isoko rya EV ry’Ubushinwa rifite ibyago byo kubyimba.

Mu myaka yashize, umubare w’amasosiyete ya EV mu Bushinwa umaze kugera kuri 300.

Ati: "Dutegereje imbere, ibigo bya EV bigomba gukura no gukomera.Dufite amasosiyete menshi ya EV ku isoko muri iki gihe, ”ibi bikaba byavuzwe na Xiao Yaqing.“Uruhare rw'isoko rugomba gukoreshwa mu buryo bwuzuye, kandi turashishikariza guhuza no kuvugurura imbaraga mu rwego rwa EV kugira ngo turusheho kongera kwibanda ku isoko”.

Guhuriza hamwe isoko ryabo hanyuma amaherezo bagakuraho inkunga yabaguzi nintambwe nini iganisha ku guca burundu icyubahiro cy’isoko ry’iburayi Beijing yifuza cyane.

Douglas yagize ati: "Icyifuzo cyabo ni ukuba Apple y'imodoka zikoresha amashanyarazi, kubera ko ziri hose kandi ko ari ibirango ku isi."

Ati: "Kuri bo, ni ngombwa rwose ko bashobora kubona izo modoka zigurishwa mu Burayi kuko Uburayi ari igipimo cyiza.Niba Abanyaburayi biteguye kugura imodoka zabo z'amashanyarazi, bivuze ko ari ireme bagerageza kugeraho ”.

Keretse niba abanyaburayi bashinzwe kugenzura no gukora ibicuruzwa bashizeho isoko rihendutse, birashobora kuba ikibazo gusa mbere yuko nka Nio na Xpeng bamenyereye abanya Parisi nka Peugeot na Renault.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukwakira-18-2021
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